T-shirt producers use many terms to illustrate their goods. The terms are certainly not always consistent and it helps to have a reference guide.
This is the state Green Man T-shirts Self-help guide to understanding t-t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s solitary: Device of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton line. A standard spool of solitary-ply cotton line is comprised of 840 yards of natural cotton line. If it requires 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the line on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools consider one pound, then your thread on those spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. When it takes 40 spools to consider one pound, then the thread on these spools is called forties cotton, or 40/1. The greater amount indicates a better thread, and therefore a better, softer fabric is made. T-shirts made from 30s and 40s are much softer, better, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The terms are used different ways, but it’s the amount that matters; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 single people” are identical. Threads can be twisted together into heavier strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads were twisted with each other, it will be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Material: Rayon produced from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic material, most professionals concur it is actually readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely soft and contains excellent drape.
Bamboo: Fast expanding plant, considered a lawn, which can be readily processed into rayon to create bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A procedure that utilizes chlorine bleach to soften and distress the style of the fabric becoming washed.
Fishing boat Throat: A really broad neck line that runs over the collarbone area towards the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the wide throat empowered fast removal if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s style response to the spouse beater. A women’s tank top, although it can be any colour.
Brushed Cotton: A method to remove excess lint and fibers from natural cotton fabric. Brushed natural cotton generally has a really soft, smooth finish.
Burn off-Out: A procedure that utilizes sulfuric acidity or other strong acidity to “burn-out” parts of a material knit, normally a polyester/cotton mix. The procedure provides a see-via, very pure impact.
Cover Sleeves: Usually identifies shorter sleeves on women’s garments.
Fractional Co2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical substance composed of two o2 atoms and one carbon dioxide atom. Referred to as a “green house” gas due to its relationship with climate change. A few t-shirt producers are calculating and recording the Carbon dioxide emissions involved with production their shirts.
Carbon dioxide Trust: Independent organization founded in 2001 in Great Britain that screens carbon dioxide emissions. The Carbon Trust works jointly with companies to help lessen their carbon footprint, and now certifies businesses and merchandise as using a “reduced carbon” or “no carbon dioxide” footprint. A few t-t-shirt businesses now manufacture “reduced carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing procedure that removes short materials and removes grime and foreign issue. Carding can be done by hand or by large devices utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton will not be as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Clean: Another name for enzyme clean. This offers fabric a smooth feel and a classic appear, depending on how the clean is done.
Cellulose: Based on the cellular wall surfaces of certain plants. Valuable in making certain types of materials, such as acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is really rayon produced from bamboo cellulose.
Cheap Cotton T-T-shirt: T-shirts made out of carded natural cotton, utilizing 18/1 line, generally knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have bad drapability. Used frequently as inexpensive marketing give-aways.
Climate Natural: An expression used to explain a company, procedure, or item that has absolutely no impact on the Earth’s environment. A couple of t-shirt producers promote their company as environment neutral.
Carbon dioxide: Carbon dioxide. A chemical substance compound made up of two o2 atoms and one carbon dioxide atom. Known as a “green house” gasoline due to the connection with climate change.
Colorfastness: The capability of the outfit to resist several washings without having losing its colour.
Combed Natural cotton: A way to eliminate brief fibers and also to arrange longer fibers parallel to produce a sleek, fine cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high power, excellent consistency, and hand. Combed natural cotton expenses much more and is also found in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A process that compacts the space among cotton fiber pockets. Reduces shrinking.
Contrasting Sewing: Sewing having a various color compared to garment. Offers a nice design detail in t-shirts.
Control Union: A global organization which offers certification solutions for many different programs–such as numerous natural certification programs. Certifies USDA Natural, as well as GOTS (Global Organic Textile Regular).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, really slightly stretchy fabric having a sleek flat face as well as a more textured but uniform back. Average weight per yard is approximately 5.5 to 6 ounces. Basic t-shirts are made from natural cotton jersey. Fine cotton jersey is usually easier and has a lighter in weight per yard.
Cotton: A natural fiber that is the most widely used on the planet for fabrics. Natural cotton materials are generally ½ to 2 in . long. For a longer time materials produce better natural cotton material. Types including Pima and Egyptian, which feature fibers going above 1.5 in ., tend to be more highly valued than regular varieties.
Crew Neck: A round close-fitted neck line. Most typical throat on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt using a brief body into it; designed to reveal the midriff area.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mainly on sleeve/bottom hems and identifies a parallel row of sewing. This kind of sewing gives durability along with a cleanser, much more finished appear.
Drape, Drapability: Identifies the way a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has excellent drape, whilst a coarse material like burlap has hardly any. T-shirts which have great drape characteristics feel nicer to put on.
Decrease Tail: A outfit that features a for a longer time back than front.
Eco-Friendly: Very loose phrase that describes a product’s “greenness.” Nearly useless in logically assessing a product or service. Favorite term used by eco-friendly washers.
Egyptian Natural cotton: Cotton created in Egypt and highly valued for its long period of fiber. Apparel created using real Egyptian cotton is valued for the gentleness and fineness.
Ecological Justice Base: A registered charitable organization established in 2000 to assist who suffer most out of environmental abuses including pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Especially energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Cleaned: A wash procedure using unique digestive enzymes to produce a soft complete and sleek turn to a material. Age groups dyes to create a unique look to dyed materials. Enzyme cleaning is physically much less severe on the material when compared with stone washing.
Western Cut: A style of t-shirt which is narrower compared to what one usually finds. For example, an entire cut men’s t-shirt, dimension big, generally runs 22 in . across the chest area (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A men’s large European reduce will operate about half an ” to 1 ” narrower, sometimes much more.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed before being reduce and sewn right into a completed piece of clothes.
Fair Labor Association: A nonprofit organization committed to ending sweatshop problems in production facilities worldwide. Works to develop Code of Work Methods, especially essential in the clothing business where working problems have historically been so bad.
Fair Wear Foundation: An international group dedicated to improving outfit workers’ lifestyles all over the world. Works jointly with companies that produce clothing and other stitched products and that take responsibility for supply chain.
Fine Natural cotton Jersey: Knitted, very somewhat stretchy fabric with a sleek flat face and a much more textured but consistent back. Fine natural cotton jersey is usually smoother and contains a lighter weight per yard than regular natural cotton jersey. T-shirts made with fine cotton jersey use a better drape and feel than regular t-shirts. Generally made with 30s and better natural cotton thread, and weighs 4.3 ounces for each square yard.
Installed Cut: Definitions vary, but generally a installed cut identifies a reduce that flatters our bodies. Used often in women’s t-shirts, the center portion of the t-shirt will likely be tighter than the top or bottom. Overall, the shirts run narrower when compared to a fundamental full reduce.
Full Cut: A generous, spacious reduce. In t-shirts, tubular styles are typically regarded as full-reduce, but you can find exceptions. Complete Reduce differs from the thinner Western Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Outfit Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been reduce and stitched in to a finished post of clothes.
Outfit Cleaned: An activity where finished posts of clothing are cleaned, generally with additional softeners to enhance the feel and search from the fabric.
GMO Totally free: GMO stands for Genetically Altered Microorganisms. First found in the 1990s when customers grew to become worried about genetically modified meals. A lot of companies now use the GMO totally free label on anything from food to natural fabrics, like natural cotton.
GOTS: Means Worldwide Natural Textile Regular. A task of the International Operating Group. They may have developed specifications to ensure organic standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and marking, in order to provide a credible assurance for the end consumer. An organic t-t-shirt that suits the standards can be GOTS certified.
Eco-friendly: Common saying used by marketing and advertising gurus to advertise products. An additional preferred term of “green-washers,” that are jumping around the ecological band wagon with no genuine commitment.
Green-Washing: Remove around the phrase “white-colored-cleaning,” but in an ecological framework. Businesses that eco-friendly-wash are spending lip-company to ecological concerns to draw in more company, but haven’t taken any real actions to get ecologically responsible.
Hand: The way in which a material seems to the touch. A material that seems smooth and smooth is regarded as to get a great hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Marijuana sativa, has been utilized for material for thousands of years, mostly as being an commercial fabric. More recent handling techniques are making it suitable for finer clothes, now it is found in many clothes articles, such as t-shirts. Hemp is valued for the durability and strength.
Henley T-T-shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt featuring 2 or 3 control keys (occasionally as much as 5 buttons are employed, but that’s uncommon). A Henley can be either short or long sleeved.
Ice Wash: A way of stone cleaning in which the stones are initially soaked inside a solution of potassium permanganate. This technique produces a frosted look to material.
Interlock Knit: A kind of knit which is really soft and it has a great drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, much more stretchy than Jersey knit, but less stretchy than rib knit. Used in very fine clothes.
Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It really is light weight, and has fine straight ribs. The Jersey knit was known as following the English Tropical island in the English Channel. Fine natural cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit created using fine cotton threads like 30s and 40s.
Knit: Describes just how the interlocking loops of yarn that define fabric were created. There are numerous varieties of knits. Jersey Knit is normally found in t-shirts and is regarded as the long lasting of knits. It really is light bodyweight, and contains fine straight ribs. On the other hand, rib knits have heavy ribs operating down the material, while interlock knits are used in really fine materials. T-shirt collars are usually rib knit.
Muscle T-shirt: Sleeveless style t-t-shirt, but not precisely a tank top. Basic t-shirt, just without the sleeves. The shoulder joint strap part is much wider than a regular tank top.
Neck Tape: A thin strip of material sewn over the seam running across the shoulder area and neck area. It covers the seam and appearance better than an exposed stitch. Often referred to as “shoulder joint to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification from the International Oeko-Tex® Connection, which assures consumers that the apparel they purchase is free of chemicals and poses no risk with their health. Under the Oeko-Tex standard, clothing must be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, as well as other harmful chemical substances.
Organic Clothing: A term very loosely used within the outfit business. It can mean everything from completely natural to less than 6% organic. Frequently coupled with terms like Eco-Pleasant, Eco-friendly, and so forth. Customers must check the tags and verify the types of materials used to find out if some thing is really natural or otherwise.
Natural Natural cotton: Natural cotton grown without the use of pesticides. Licensed natural natural cotton continues to be examined to guarantee it truly is natural.
Natural Garden soil Association: Established in 1946 by a team of farm owners, researchers and nutrition experts concerned with the connection between harvesting methods and herb, animal, human being, and environmental health. The Natural Garden soil Connection pioneered the first organic specifications in 1967, and certifies farms and firms that meet these standards.
Overdyed: A process in which previously dyed garments or materials are dyed with the extra colour to create a distinctive appear.
Overall performance T: Name for t-shirts manufactured for sports athletes and outside fanatics. Overall performance Ts are described as their breathability, dampness wicking, fast drying out, and odor control capabilities. Numerous performance Ts are polyester/natural cotton mixes, or can also be completely polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, due to their absorbency and wicking qualities, have become called overall performance t-shirts, even though they usually do not dried out as fast as performance t-shirts made from completely polyester.
PFD: Is short for Prepared For Dyeing. Marketed this way to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of dye that can cause a cleaned out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton created in the U.S. in the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It functions for a longer time materials and is also utilized often in fine men’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who assisted with all the first plants from the new cotton as it was first grown within the U.S.
Raise: A way of knitting that can cause a waffle-kind, fine textured surface area. Used often in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber produced from artificial polymers. Utilized broadly in apparel, particularly coupled with natural cotton in 50/50 mixes.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the procedure for pre-shrinking fabric before it is actually reduce and sewn. Occasionally it identifies a genuine finished garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk decreases less after the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk natural cotton t-shirts will still reduce a bit, however, particularly when dried out employing a clothing dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Type of t-t-shirt offering sleeves that run right to the collar. Usually sleeves are a contrasting colour through the body. Raglan sleeves are broader underneath the arms, and are liked by users who want maximum freedom of movement. Baseball t-shirts generally feature a raglan sleeve style.
Rayon: Man-created fiber that utilizes plant cellulose as its primary ingredient. Rayon is extremely soft, has outstanding drape, and is also really absorbing. Originally developed as being a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Seen as a weighty vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are usually considered 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you know the width of the rib when compared to space between. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or even a 2×2 rib knit indicates the space in between each rib is the same size since the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit indicates the ribs are two times as wide as the spaces in the middle. Rib knit is extremely stretchy and is frequently used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank shirts.
Diamond ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous rotating generates a softer feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably much softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and coordinating team neck. Most ringers are white-colored, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in various colors.
Sand Clean: Describes using fine sand while cleaning a outfit or material to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: An additional phrase for silicone washed, which generates a very sleek and soft complete to fabric, and also provides the fabric great draping qualities.
Scoop Neck: Broad, gently curved neck line that varies thorough. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Really light weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 oz per yard. A little stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder joint to Shoulder Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulders and throat region. It addresses the seam and looks a lot better than an exposed stitch.
Shrinkage: Usually refers to cotton apparel and the amount it can be expected to shrink. Most natural cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but 4-5Percent shrinkage can certainly be anticipated.
Side Seamed: Describes shirts with a seam running down at every side underneath the arm sleeves to the base hem. Part seamed t-shirts cost more to manufacture.
Silicone Cleaned: Identifies utilizing inert silicon inside a washing procedure. Generates a very sleek and smooth complete to fabric, and in addition provides the material great draping properties.
Singlet: another term to get a men’s tank top.
Thin Reduce: A style of t-shirt that is certainly narrower than one usually discovers. For example, a full reduce men’s t-t-shirt, dimension large, usually runs 22 inches across the chest area (calculated one inch beneath the sleeve). A thin cut will run about 50 % an ” to 1 inch narrower, sometimes much more.
Stonewashed: A washing procedure that utilizes lava rocks or occasionally silicon and rubber balls. This method can make fabric softer and provides it an older or distressed appear. Occasionally bleach is used in this particular process.
Tank Top: T-Shirt described as thin shoulder straps without any sleeves. The name came from the initial term for pools: going swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not real “adhesive tape,” but a thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating across the shoulder area and neck section of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appearance much better than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Design:A design which has no side seams; the body of the t-shirt is circular and straight. Tubular t-shirts are less expensive to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-T-shirt: No regular description exists for a unisex t-shirt, but generally speaking a unisex t-shirt is made of lighter in weight, fine natural cotton jersey, part seamed, and never cut as complete as being a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves are certainly not extra brief, like cover sleeves, but are not complete elbow lengths either. Our bodies duration is usually method/long. However, you can find wide variants in unisex t-shirts, based on the manufacturer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that grew to become independent in 1991 and is also well known for its cotton production methods, which include forced child work and ecologically damaging methods. Ethical clothing businesses boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, most companies don’t care and have declined to sign up for in the boycott simply because Uzbekistan cotton is inexpensive.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle style of neckline. Can be strong or shallow, based on the design. Usually liked by ladies, but a shallow design v-neck is popular among men.
Viscose: Usually an additional name for rayon, like viscose rayon.
Bodyweight: Usually indicated ounces per square yard. A 5.5 ounce bodyweight cotton fabric implies that one square yard will consider 5.5 ounces. Fine jersey cotton fabrics normally have lighter in weight weights, whilst coarser natural cotton xeprdh have weightier weights.
Wife Beater: Derogatory term to get a men’s tank top t-t-shirt. Usually describes a fundamental white-colored tank top.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn which is dyed before it really is weaved in to a fabric.